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7430 German Cross Gold medal 1957 pattern Deutsches Kreuz post WW2 maker ST&L

7430 German Cross Gold medal 1957 pattern Deutsches Kreuz post WW2 maker ST&L

7430 German Cross Gold medal 1957 pattern Deutsches Kreuz post WW2 maker ST&L

7430 German Cross Gold medal 1957 pattern Deutsches Kreuz post WW2 maker ST&L

7430 German Cross Gold medal 1957 pattern Deutsches Kreuz post WW2 maker ST&L

7430 German Cross Gold medal 1957 pattern Deutsches Kreuz post WW2 maker ST&L

7430 German Cross Gold medal 1957 pattern Deutsches Kreuz post WW2 maker ST&L

7430 German Cross Gold medal 1957 pattern Deutsches Kreuz post WW2 maker ST&L

7430 German Cross Gold medal 1957 pattern Deutsches Kreuz post WW2 maker ST&L

German Cross in Gold post WW2 version – no swastika, NICE EXAMPLE – PERFECT PIN DEVICE – GENUINE ST&L (STEINHAUER & LUCK) PIECE, LATER EXAMPLE (OPEN HINGE), VERY NICE CONDITION. In 1957 the West German government authorised replacement Iron Crosses with an Oak Leaf Cluster in place of the swastika, similar to the Iron Crosses of 1813, 1870, and 1914, which could be worn by World War II Iron Cross recipients. The 1957 law also authorised de-Nazified versions of most other World War IIera decorations (except those specifically associated with Nazi Party organizations, such as SS Long Service medals, or with the expansion of the German Reich, such as the medals for the annexation of Austria, the Sudetenland, and the Memel region). The main government contract to manufacture and supply these new de-nazified WW2 1957 official decorations went to the world famous German firm Steinhauer & Lueck, Luedenscheid Germany. Knights Crosses, Iron Crosses , Wound Badges, Tank Assault Badges etc were re-designed by Steinhauer & Lück – often with the oak-leaf spray replacing the swastika, with S&L having the sole patent rights to all WW2 1957 German decorations. S&L did not have the whole monopoly on medal making, other famous firms such as Deschler & Sohn, BH Maher and Juncker also manufactured these new German decorations. Lüdenscheid is situated between the cities Dortmund and Bonn. It was here that one of the youngest medal firms was founded in 1889 by August Steinhauer and Gustav Adolf Lück. The first production began in a cellar, the customer base continued to increase. A property was bought at 51 Hochstrasse which is still home for this famous company today. During WW2 Steinhauer & Lück produced medals and badges, like the famous Knights Cross and many other types of medals and badges. In 1957 this company was awarded the contract to produce all the newly re-designed legal WW2 1957 de-nazified decorations, plus the contract to manufacture all of Germany’s official decorations including Germany’s highest order the Bundesverdienstkreuz. Only a very limited number of original WW2 1957 medals are still produced, mainly Iron Crosses, German Cross Gold & Silver & Wound Badges and are considered 100% genuine by the German Government. The German Cross (German: Deutsches Kreuz) was instituted by Adolf Hitler on 16 November 1941 as an award ranking higher than the Iron Cross First Class but below the Knight’s Cross of the Iron Cross. The German Cross was issued in two degrees: gold and silver (the color of the laurel wreath around the swastika), the former being an award for bravery, the latter being for distinguished service and was considered a continuation of the War Merit Cross with swords. The German Cross was unique in that the Gold and Silver degrees were considered as separate awards but should not be worn simultaneously. However, pictures of recipients wearing both grades exist. There are a total of 11 recorded instances of a recipient receiving both the German Cross in Silver and Gold during the war. A special grade, the German Cross in Gold with Diamonds, was manufactured towards the end of World War II but was never bestowed. The medal consists of a star badge, containing a swastika (in German, Hakenkreuz, “hooked cross”, which gives the award its name, the “German cross”). It had a diameter of 6.5 cm and was worn on the righthand pocket of the tunic. If a recipient was awarded both the silver and gold divisions, both of them could be worn on the uniform. This award was also available in cloth form, which made for easier wear on the combat uniform; Helmuth Weidling wore this variety during his defense of Berlin in April-May 1945. Far more awards in gold (combat) were made than in silver (support). The cross title refers to the fact that the swastika is a cross, a sun-cross. In 1957 an alternative version for replacement of the German Cross was implemented. It features a Iron Cross in place of the swastika, whose display was banned in Germany, and later in many other European countries, after the war. Veterans who had earned the medal during the Third Reich were unable to wear it on formal occasions, before this change. The design of this decoration was executed by Professor R. Klein of Munich and the first examples were made by the DESCHLER firm of Munich. The first prototypes contained 10 rivets, with a system of attachment typical of the Iron Cross of 1914. To begin with, the DESCHLER firm used 6 rivets, then from from about the middle of 1942 onward, only 4. The base piece consists of a silver star with eight rays, upon which is fixed another star with eight rays, lighter and smaller, in a dark gray color. A silvered disk bordered with two red bands is placed above. A swastika in black enamel bordered silver is fixed on the disk by means of two or four prongs situated on the ends of the arms. Between the two red bands is found a gilt or silvered wreath. The year 1941 is embossed at the base of the wreath. The wreath is fixed with four rivets. In some cases the wreath rivets maintain the whole cross (ex Zimmermann), in other case they just hold together the wreath , the circle and the black star. The hinge itself may be a bent piece of metal soldered in a recess at the top of the star (types marked 20, 134, DESCHLER), or more simply, soldered directly onto the star (Juncker and Godet types). The pin is fixed to the hinge by a cross-pin. The construction of this decoration is the most complex of all the military decorations of the Third Reich. The item “7430 German Cross Gold medal 1957 pattern Deutsches Kreuz post WW2 maker ST&L” is in sale since Friday, April 20, 2018. This item is in the category “Collectables\Militaria\World War II (1939-1945)\Medals/ Ribbons”. The seller is “a..anderson” and is located in Abbots Langley. This item can be shipped worldwide.
  • Type: Medals & Ribbons
  • Era: 1914-1945
  • Conflict: World War II (1939-1945)
  • Country/ Organization: Germany
  • Issued/ Not-Issued: Issued
  • Country/Region of Manufacture: Germany

WW2 and Post War Medal Group Army Air Corps Parachute Regiment Bailey

WW2 and Post War Medal Group Army Air Corps Parachute Regiment Bailey

WW2 and Post War Medal Group Army Air Corps Parachute Regiment Bailey

WW2 and Post War Medal Group Army Air Corps Parachute Regiment Bailey

WW2 and Post War Medal Group Army Air Corps Parachute Regiment Bailey

WW2 and Post War Medal Group Army Air Corps Parachute Regiment Bailey

A World War Two and South East Asia General Service Medal group to a soldier who served with the Parachute Regiment / Army Air Corps. The group was awarded to 14995496 Private J. Bailey Army Air Corps. The medal group includes the following. The British World War Two 1939-45 Star – unnamed as issued. The British France and Germany Star. Unnamed as issued. The British World War Two War Medal. The General Service Medal 1918-62 with Clasp for S. Asia 1945-46 named to 14995496 PTE. The medals are court mounted and are as worn by the recipient with the original suspension pin. An interesting and complete Army Air Corps / Parachute Regiment medal group worthy of more research – especially regarding his Second World War service in Western Europe. Please let me know if you need any additional photos or details. Please see my other listings of British and foreign Medals and Militaria. Thanks and kind regards. The item “WW2 and Post War Medal Group Army Air Corps Parachute Regiment Bailey” is in sale since Tuesday, October 1, 2019. This item is in the category “Collectables\Militaria\World War I (1914-1918)\Medals/ Ribbons”. The seller is “harrypitt69″ and is located in Nottingham. This item can be shipped worldwide.
  • Modified Item: No
  • Country/Region of Manufacture: United Kingdom
  • Country/ Organization: Great Britain
  • Issued/ Not-Issued: Issued
  • Type: Medals & Ribbons
  • Conflict: World War II (1939-1945)
  • Service: Special Forces
  • Era: 1914-1945

Vintage Immediate Post Ww1 German Silesian Eagle Order 1st Class Medal Badge

Vintage Immediate Post Ww1 German Silesian Eagle Order 1st Class Medal Badge

Vintage Immediate Post Ww1 German Silesian Eagle Order 1st Class Medal Badge

Vintage Immediate Post Ww1 German Silesian Eagle Order 1st Class Medal Badge

Vintage Immediate Post Ww1 German Silesian Eagle Order 1st Class Medal Badge

Offered for sale is an original immediate post-WW1 German Silesian Eagle Order 1st Class. The badge features a black enamelled eagle, with silver serrated feathers and features. The lower silver bar FUR SCHLESIEN relates to the campaign against the Polish independence fighters in the region of Silesia, with the eagles chest sporting a silver crescent moon and cross. Slight vaulted type, with toned white frosting reverse and pin backed attachment. Measures 32mm x 42mm and is in near mint condition. The award was created on 16 June 1919 by General Leutnant von Friedenburg, General commanding the German VI Army Corps and awarded for six months service in Silesia combating Polish nationalists. THANK YOU & GOOD LUCK! We list militaria and coins weekly. We provide quality mounted medals, badges and historical research. We can mount your miniature or full size medals, ribbon bars or supply replacement ribbons or badges. We can also conduct military research on your behalf and value cherished objects with a current market or insured value. 2/135 Russell St, Morley, WA. We run two specialist military auctions per year. Items are accurately described & photographed. Additional costs for this standard service will be added for this service based on publicly available Australia Post rates. Please note, these items are located and will be posted from Australia. We appreciate fair feedback from you once you receive the item. We aim to give you, the customer our best customer service. The item “VINTAGE IMMEDIATE POST WW1 GERMAN SILESIAN EAGLE ORDER 1ST CLASS MEDAL BADGE” is in sale since Friday, November 16, 2018. This item is in the category “Collectables\Militaria\1914 – 1918 (WWI)”. The seller is “jb_military_antiques_14″ and is located in 2/135 Russell St, Morley, Perth, WA. This item can be shipped worldwide.
  • Country: Germany
  • Product Type: Medals
  • Authenticity: Original
  • Era: 1900s
  • Campaign: World War I

Post WW2 Military London Scottish Kilt Hodden Grey Uniform Medal Bars 8th (5317)

Post WW2 Military London Scottish Kilt Hodden Grey Uniform Medal Bars 8th (5317)

Post WW2 Military London Scottish Kilt Hodden Grey Uniform Medal Bars 8th (5317)

Post WW2 Military London Scottish Kilt Hodden Grey Uniform Medal Bars 8th (5317)

Post WW2 Military London Scottish Kilt Hodden Grey Uniform Medal Bars 8th (5317)

Post WW2 Military London Scottish Kilt Hodden Grey Uniform Medal Bars 8th (5317)

Post WW2 Military London Scottish Kilt Hodden Grey Uniform Medal Bars 8th (5317)

Post WW2 Military London Scottish Kilt Hodden Grey Uniform Medal Bars 8th (5317)

Post WW2 Military London Scottish Kilt Hodden Grey Uniform Medal Bars 8th (5317)

Post WW2 Military London Scottish Kilt Hodden Grey Uniform Medal Bars 8th (5317)

Post WW2 Military London Scottish Kilt Hodden Grey Uniform Medal Bars 8th (5317)

Post WW2 Military London Scottish Kilt Hodden Grey Uniform Medal Bars 8th (5317)

Post WW2 Military London Scottish Kilt Hodden Grey Uniform Medal Bars 8th (5317)

An Original WW2 And Later Military London Scottish Complete Hodden Grey Uniform. Tunic With WW2 Medal Bars For 1939-45 Star. Africa With “8″ 8th Army. Defence & 1939-45 Medals And Territorial Efficiency Medal With Silver Rosette. Chrome London Scottish Buttons Made By Firmin. Label Inside Jacket No. R Hodden Grey (London Scottish) Size no. Silberston & Sons Ltd 1953 25. Bullion QC With Three Bullion Stripes For The Rank Of Staff Sergeant. Evidence Of Collar Pips. Kilt With Blue Trim Down One side With Three Leather Straps And Large Safety Pin. Black “WD Broad Arrow Mark b 148″ Stamp. Hand Written S/SGT Bucksey? Label Inside Kilt Elcho London Scottish Size No. 12 Moore Taggart & Co Ltd 1948 Broad Arrow Mark. Condition: In Used Original Condition, Small Wear, As Per Photos. 21 Height 5’10″ Breast 38″ Waist 33. Kilt Height 5ft 6″ Waist 33″ Breech 40. The item “Post WW2 Military London Scottish Kilt Hodden Grey Uniform Medal Bars 8th (5317)” is in sale since Wednesday, July 31, 2019. This item is in the category “Collectables\Militaria\World War II (1939-1945)\Uniforms”. The seller is “colt1992″ and is located in weymouth. This item can be shipped worldwide.
  • Modified Item: No
  • Country/Region of Manufacture: United Kingdom
  • Country/ Organization: Great Britain
  • Issued/ Not-Issued: Issued
  • Type: Uniform/ Clothing
  • Conflict: World War II (1939-1945)
  • Clothing Type: Complete Uniforms
  • Service: Army
  • Era: 1945-Present

Australian Original Ww2 Post Ww2 Medal Group Of 7, Plus Photos Nx19436 Ej Loader

Australian Original Ww2 Post Ww2 Medal Group Of 7, Plus Photos Nx19436 Ej Loader

Australian Original Ww2 Post Ww2 Medal Group Of 7, Plus Photos Nx19436 Ej Loader

Australian Original Ww2 Post Ww2 Medal Group Of 7, Plus Photos Nx19436 Ej Loader

Australian Original Ww2 Post Ww2 Medal Group Of 7, Plus Photos Nx19436 Ej Loader

Australian Original Ww2 Post Ww2 Medal Group Of 7, Plus Photos Nx19436 Ej Loader

Australian Original Ww2 Post Ww2 Medal Group Of 7, Plus Photos Nx19436 Ej Loader

Australian Original Ww2 Post Ww2 Medal Group Of 7, Plus Photos Nx19436 Ej Loader

Australian Original Ww2 Post Ww2 Medal Group Of 7, Plus Photos Nx19436 Ej Loader

Australian Original Ww2 Post Ww2 Medal Group Of 7, Plus Photos Nx19436 Ej Loader

Australian Original Ww2 Post Ww2 Medal Group Of 7, Plus Photos Nx19436 Ej Loader

Australian Original Ww2 Post Ww2 Medal Group Of 7, Plus Photos Nx19436 Ej Loader

Australian Original Ww2 Post Ww2 Medal Group Of 7, Plus Photos Nx19436 Ej Loader

LOADER” and the 7th medal correctly pantographed “NX19436 E. Six WW2 medals court mounted for wear, Seventh medal still in case with outer cardboard carton – medal with original wearing pin and spare ribbon. NX19346 Earnest James Loader was born in Coffs Harbour on 26th March 1920. He enlisted in the 2nd AIF on 31st May 1940 and served in 2/33 General Transport Company. Discharged 25th November 1945. His service records are not yet digitised so still some research to do. Loader died 22.11.93. A very nice service group. A good’war group’ of six plus the ASM with photos. Not mucked around with at all. See my good feedback. Item located in East Malvern. SEE MY OTHER AUCTIONS. The item “AUSTRALIAN ORIGINAL WW2 POST WW2 MEDAL GROUP OF 7, PLUS PHOTOS NX19436 EJ LOADER” is in sale since Sunday, July 14, 2019. This item is in the category “Collectables\Militaria\1939 – 1945 (WWII)”. The seller is “nikruss” and is located in Malvern East, VIC. This item can be shipped worldwide.
  • Modified Item: No
  • Country: Australia
  • Product Type: Medals
  • Authenticity: Original
  • Era: 1940s

Soviet Russian USSR WW2 Silver RED STAR Screw Post Base Order Medal Badge 185246

Soviet Russian USSR WW2 Silver RED STAR Screw Post Base Order Medal Badge 185246

Soviet Russian USSR WW2 Silver RED STAR Screw Post Base Order Medal Badge 185246

Soviet Russian USSR WW2 Silver RED STAR Screw Post Base Order Medal Badge 185246

Soviet Russian USSR WW2 Silver RED STAR Screw Post Base Order Medal Badge 185246

Soviet Russian USSR WW2 Silver RED STAR Screw Post Base Order Medal Badge 185246

Soviet Russian USSR WW2 Silver RED STAR Screw Post Base Order Medal Badge 185246

Soviet Russian USSR WW2 Silver RED STAR Screw Post Base Order Medal Badge 185246

Soviet Russian USSR WW2 Silver RED STAR Screw Post Base Order Medal Badge 185246

Soviet Russian USSR WW2 Silver RED STAR Screw Post Base Order Medal Badge 185246

Soviet Russian USSR WW2 Silver RED STAR Screw Post Base Order Medal Badge 185246

Soviet Russian USSR WW2 Silver RED STAR Screw Post Base Order Medal Badge 185246. Original Soviet Russian WW2 Silver RED STAR Screw Post Base Order. Enamel is replaced on 3 wings. If you have any questions please feel free to contact me. DO NOT DUPLICATE OR COPY! The item “Soviet Russian USSR WW2 Silver RED STAR Screw Post Base Order Medal Badge 185246″ is in sale since Thursday, March 22, 2018. This item is in the category “Collectibles\Militaria\WW II (1939-45)\Original Period Items\Russia\Medals, Pins & Ribbons”. The seller is “hennadiy2006″ and is located in Milford, Michigan. This item can be shipped worldwide.

7752 German Iron Cross First Class medal post WW2 1957 pattern maker DEUMER

7752 German Iron Cross First Class medal post WW2 1957 pattern maker DEUMER

7752 German Iron Cross First Class medal post WW2 1957 pattern maker DEUMER

7752 German Iron Cross First Class medal post WW2 1957 pattern maker DEUMER

7752 German Iron Cross First Class medal post WW2 1957 pattern maker DEUMER

7752 German Iron Cross First Class medal post WW2 1957 pattern maker DEUMER

7752 German Iron Cross First Class medal post WW2 1957 pattern maker DEUMER

7752 German Iron Cross First Class medal post WW2 1957 pattern maker DEUMER

7752 German Iron Cross First Class medal post WW2 1957 pattern maker DEUMER

Original German Iron Cross First Class post WW2 version with no swastika, NICE WORN CONDITION – THREE PIECE CONSTRUCTION, MAGNETIC CORE, GENUINE DEUMER MADE EXAMPLE, TYPICAL DEUMER HARDWARE / HARD TO FIND – SHOWS SOME RUST. In 1957 the West German government authorised replacement Iron Crosses with an Oak Leaf Cluster in place of the swastika, similar to the Iron Crosses of 1813, 1870, and 1914, which could be worn by World War II Iron Cross recipients. The 1957 law also authorised de-Nazified versions of most other World War IIera decorations (except those specifically associated with Nazi Party organizations, such as SS Long Service medals, or with the expansion of the German Reich, such as the medals for the annexation of Austria, the Sudetenland, and the Memel region). The main government contract to manufacture and supply these new de-nazified WW2 1957 official decorations went to the world famous German firm Steinhauer & Lueck, Luedenscheid Germany. Knights Crosses, Iron Crosses , Wound Badges, Tank Assault Badges etc were re-designed by Steinhauer & Lück – often with the oak-leaf spray replacing the swastika, with S&L having the sole patent rights to all WW2 1957 German decorations. S&L did not have the whole monopoly on medal making, other famous firms such as Deschler & Sohn, BH Maher and Juncker also manufactured these new German decorations. Lüdenscheid is situated between the cities Dortmund and Bonn. It was here that one of the youngest medal firms was founded in 1889 by August Steinhauer and Gustav Adolf Lück. The first production began in a cellar, the customer base continued to increase. A property was bought at 51 Hochstrasse which is still home for this famous company today. During WW2 Steinhauer & Lück produced medals and badges, like the famous Knights Cross and many other types of medals and badges. In 1957 this company was awarded the contract to produce all the newly re-designed legal WW2 1957 de-nazified decorations, plus the contract to manufacture all of Germany’s official decorations including Germany’s highest order the Bundesverdienstkreuz. Only a very limited number of original WW2 1957 medals are still produced, mainly Iron Crosses, German Cross Gold & Silver & Wound Badges and are considered 100% genuine by the German Government. HISTORY OF THE AWARD. Iron Cross (German: Eisernes Kreuz) was a military decoration of the Kingdom of Prussia, and later of Germany, which was established by King Friedrich Wilhelm III of Prussia and first awarded on 10 March 1813 in Breslau. In addition to during the Napoleonic Wars, the Iron Cross was awarded during the Franco-German War, the First World War, and the Second World War. The Iron Cross was normally a military decoration only, though there were instances of it being awarded to civilians for performing military functions. Two examples, the civilian pilot Hanna Reitsch was awarded the Iron Cross First Class for her bravery as a test pilot during the Second World War and Melitta Schenk Gräfin von Stauffenberg (also a German female test pilot) was awarded the Iron Cross Second Class. The Iron Cross was also used as the symbol of the German Army from 1871 to 1915, when it was replaced by a simpler Greek cross. In 1956, the Iron Cross became the symbol of the Bundeswehr, the German armed forces. The traditional design is black and this design is used on armored vehicles and aircraft. A newer design in blue and silver is used as the emblem in other contexts. The Iron Cross is a black four-pointed cross with white trim, with the arms widening towards the ends, similar to a cross pattée. It was designed by the neoclassical architect Karl Friedrich Schinkel and reflects the cross borne by the Teutonic Knights in the 14th century. The ribbon for the 1813, 1870 and 1914 Iron Cross (2nd Class) was black with two thin white bands, the colours of Prussia. The noncombatant version of this award had the same medal, but the black and white colours on the ribbon were reversed. Initially the Iron Cross was worn with the blank side out. This did not change until 1838 when the sprig facing could be presented. Since the Iron Cross was issued over several different periods of German history, it was annotated with the year indicating the era in which it was issued. For example, an Iron Cross from the First World War bears the year “1914″, while the same decoration from the Second World War is annotated “1939″. The reverse of the 1870, 1914 and 1939 series of Iron Crosses have the year “1813″ appearing on the lower arm, symbolizing the year the award was created. The 1813 decoration also has the initials “FW” for King Frederick William III, while the next two have a “W” for the respective kaisers, Wilhelm I and Wilhelm II. The final version shows a swastika. It was also possible for a holder of the 1914 Iron Cross to be awarded a second or higher grade of the 1939 Iron Cross. In such cases, a “1939 Clasp” (Spange) would be worn on the original 1914 Iron Cross. A similar award was made in 1914 but was quite rare, since there were few in service who held the 1870 Iron Cross. For the First Class award the Spange appears as an eagle with the date “1939″ that was pinned above the Cross. Although two separate awards, in some cases the holders soldered them together. A cross was the symbol of the Teutonic Knights (a heraldic cross pattée), and the cross design (but not the specific decoration) has been the symbol of Germany’s armed forces (now the Bundeswehr) since 1871. The Iron Cross was founded on 10 March 1813 in Breslau and awarded to soldiers during the Wars of Liberation against Napoleon. It was first awarded to Karl August Ferdinand von Borcke on 21 April 1813. King Wilhelm I of Prussia authorized further awards on 19 July 1870, during the Franco-German War. The Iron Cross was reauthorized by Emperor Wilhelm II on 5 August 1914, at the start of the First World War. During these three periods, the Iron Cross was an award of the Kingdom of Prussia, although given Prussia’s pre-eminent place in the German Empire formed in 1871, it tended to be treated as a generic German decoration. The 1813, 1870, and 1914 Iron Crosses had three grades: Iron Cross 2nd Class German: Eisernes Kreuz 2. Klasse, Iron Cross 1st Class German: Eisernes Kreuz 1. Klasse, Grand Cross of the Iron Cross (German: Großkreuz des Eisernen Kreuzes, often simply Großkreuz). Although the medals of each class were identical, the manner in which each was worn differed. Employing a pin or screw posts on the back of the medal, the Iron Cross First Class was worn on the left side of the recipient’s uniform. The Grand Cross and the Iron Cross Second Class were suspended from different ribbons. The Grand Cross was intended for senior generals of the German Army. An even higher decoration, the Star of the Grand Cross of the Iron Cross, was awarded only twice, to Field Marshal Gebhard von Blücher in 1813 and to Field Marshal Paul von Hindenburg in 1918. A third award was planned for the most successful German general during the Second World War, but was not made after the defeat of Germany in 1945. The Iron Cross 1st Class and the Iron Cross 2nd Class were awarded without regard to rank. One had to already possess the 2nd Class in order to receive the 1st Class (though in some cases both could be awarded simultaneously). The egalitarian nature of this award contrasted with those of most other German states (and indeed many other European monarchies), where military decorations were awarded based on the rank of the recipient. For example, Bavarian officers received various grades of that Kingdom’s Military Merit Order (Militär-Verdienstorden), while enlisted men received various grades of the Military Merit Cross (Militär-Verdienstkreuz). Prussia did have other orders and medals which were awarded on the basis of rank, and even though the Iron Cross was intended to be awarded without regard to rank, officers and NCOs were more likely to receive it than junior enlisted soldiers. In the First World War, approximately four million Iron Crosses of the lower grade (2nd Class) were issued, as well as around 145,000 of the higher grade (1st Class). Exact numbers of awards are not known, since the Prussian archives were destroyed during the Second World War. The multitude of awards reduced the status and reputation of the decoration. Among the holders of the 1914 Iron Cross 2nd Class and 1st Class was Adolf Hitler, who held the rank of Gefreiter. Hitler can be seen wearing the award on his left breast, as was standard, in many photographs. The straight-armed Balkenkreuz, the emblem of the Wehrmacht, first used in a narrower form on Luftstreitkräfte aircraft in mid-April 1918, and as shown here, as it appeared on German planes, tanks, and other vehicles during the Second World War. Adolf Hitler restored the Iron Cross in 1939 as a German decoration (rather than Prussian as in earlier versions), continuing the tradition of issuing it in various grades. Legally it is based on the enactment Reichsgesetzblatt I S. 1573 of 1 September 1939 Verordnung über die Erneuerung des Eisernen Kreuzes (Regulation for the Re-introduction of the Iron Cross). The Iron Cross of the Second World War was divided into three main series of decorations with an intermediate category, the Knight’s Cross, instituted between the lowest, the Iron Cross, and the highest, the Grand Cross. The Knight’s Cross replaced the Prussian Pour le Mérite or “Blue Max”. Hitler did not care for the Pour le Mérite, as it was a Prussian order that could be awarded only to officers. The ribbon of the medal (2nd class and Knight’s Cross) was different from the earlier Iron Crosses in that the color red was used in addition to the traditional black and white (black and white were the colours of Prussia, while black, white, and red were the colors of Germany). Hitler also created the War Merit Cross as a replacement for the non-combatant version of the Iron Cross. It also appeared on certain Nazi flags in the upper left corner. The edges were curved, like most original iron crosses. The standard 1939 Iron Cross was issued in the following two grades: Iron Cross 2nd Class Eisernes Kreuz 2. Klasse, Iron Cross 1st Class Eisernes Kreuz 1. Klasse abbreviated as EKI or E. The Iron Cross was awarded for bravery in battle as well as other military contributions in a battlefield environment. The Iron Cross 2nd Class came with a ribbon and was worn in one of two different methods: when in formal dress, the entire cross was worn mounted alone or as part of a medal bar, for everyday wear, only the ribbon was worn from the second hole in the tunic button. The Iron Cross First Class was a pin-on medal with no ribbon and was worn centered on a uniform breast pocket, either on dress uniforms or everyday outfit. It was a progressive award, with the second class having to be earned before the first class and so on for the higher degrees. It is estimated that some four and a half million Second Class Iron Crosses were awarded in the Second World War, and 300,000 of the First Class. The item “7752 German Iron Cross First Class medal post WW2 1957 pattern maker DEUMER” is in sale since Sunday, April 8, 2018. This item is in the category “Collectables\Militaria\World War II (1939-1945)\Medals/ Ribbons”. The seller is “a..anderson” and is located in Abbots Langley. This item can be shipped worldwide.
  • Type: Medals & Ribbons
  • Era: 1914-1945
  • Conflict: World War II (1939-1945)
  • Country/ Organization: Germany
  • Issued/ Not-Issued: Issued

8174 German mounted medals post WW2 1957 pattern Iron Cross Ostmedaille DEUMER

8174 German mounted medals post WW2 1957 pattern Iron Cross Ostmedaille DEUMER

8174 German mounted medals post WW2 1957 pattern Iron Cross Ostmedaille DEUMER

8174 German mounted medals post WW2 1957 pattern Iron Cross Ostmedaille DEUMER

8174 German mounted medals post WW2 1957 pattern Iron Cross Ostmedaille DEUMER

8174 German mounted medals post WW2 1957 pattern Iron Cross Ostmedaille DEUMER

8174 German mounted medals post WW2 1957 pattern Iron Cross Ostmedaille DEUMER

8174 German mounted medals post WW2 1957 pattern Iron Cross Ostmedaille DEUMER

8174 German mounted medals post WW2 1957 pattern Iron Cross Ostmedaille DEUMER

8174 German mounted medals post WW2 1957 pattern Iron Cross Ostmedaille DEUMER

8174 German mounted medals post WW2 1957 pattern Iron Cross Ostmedaille DEUMER

8174 German mounted medals post WW2 1957 pattern Iron Cross Ostmedaille DEUMER

8174 German mounted medals post WW2 1957 pattern Iron Cross Ostmedaille DEUMER

Original German Parade Mounted medal bar post WW2 version – 1957 PATTERN – no swastika: Iron Cross II. Class & Eastern Front Medal, VERY NICE CONDITION – THE IRON CROSS IS A THREE PIECE CONSTRUCTION EXAMPLE WITH MAGNETIC CORE, GENUINE RARE DEUMER MADE GOOD EXAMPLES, PERFECTLY WORKING PIN DEVICE. In 1957 the West German government authorised replacement Iron Crosses with an Oak Leaf Cluster in place of the swastika, similar to the Iron Crosses of 1813, 1870, and 1914, which could be worn by World War II Iron Cross recipients. The 1957 law also authorised de-Nazified versions of most other World War IIera decorations (except those specifically associated with Nazi Party organizations, such as SS Long Service medals, or with the expansion of the German Reich, such as the medals for the annexation of Austria, the Sudetenland, and the Memel region). The main government contract to manufacture and supply these new de-nazified WW2 1957 official decorations went to the world famous German firm Steinhauer & Lueck, Luedenscheid Germany. Knights Crosses, Iron Crosses , Wound Badges, Tank Assault Badges etc were re-designed by Steinhauer & Lück – often with the oak-leaf spray replacing the swastika, with S&L having the sole patent rights to all WW2 1957 German decorations. S&L did not have the whole monopoly on medal making, other famous firms such as Deschler & Sohn, BH Maher and Juncker also manufactured these new German decorations. Lüdenscheid is situated between the cities Dortmund and Bonn. It was here that one of the youngest medal firms was founded in 1889 by August Steinhauer and Gustav Adolf Lück. The first production began in a cellar, the customer base continued to increase. A property was bought at 51 Hochstrasse which is still home for this famous company today. During WW2 Steinhauer & Lück produced medals and badges, like the famous Knights Cross and many other types of medals and badges. In 1957 this company was awarded the contract to produce all the newly re-designed legal WW2 1957 de-nazified decorations, plus the contract to manufacture all of Germany’s official decorations including Germany’s highest order the Bundesverdienstkreuz. Only a very limited number of original WW2 1957 medals are still produced, mainly Iron Crosses, German Cross Gold & Silver & Wound Badges and are considered 100% genuine by the German Government. HISTORY OF THE AWARDS. Iron Cross (German: Eisernes Kreuz) was a military decoration of the Kingdom of Prussia, and later of Germany, which was established by King Friedrich Wilhelm III of Prussia and first awarded on 10 March 1813 in Breslau. In addition to during the Napoleonic Wars, the Iron Cross was awarded during the Franco-German War, the First World War, and the Second World War. The Iron Cross was normally a military decoration only, though there were instances of it being awarded to civilians for performing military functions. Two examples, the civilian pilot Hanna Reitsch was awarded the Iron Cross First Class for her bravery as a test pilot during the Second World War and Melitta Schenk Gräfin von Stauffenberg (also a German female test pilot) was awarded the Iron Cross Second Class. The Iron Cross was also used as the symbol of the German Army from 1871 to 1915, when it was replaced by a simpler Greek cross. In 1956, the Iron Cross became the symbol of the Bundeswehr, the German armed forces. The traditional design is black and this design is used on armored vehicles and aircraft. A newer design in blue and silver is used as the emblem in other contexts. The Iron Cross is a black four-pointed cross with white trim, with the arms widening towards the ends, similar to a cross pattée. It was designed by the neoclassical architect Karl Friedrich Schinkel and reflects the cross borne by the Teutonic Knights in the 14th century. The ribbon for the 1813, 1870 and 1914 Iron Cross (2nd Class) was black with two thin white bands, the colours of Prussia. The noncombatant version of this award had the same medal, but the black and white colours on the ribbon were reversed. Initially the Iron Cross was worn with the blank side out. This did not change until 1838 when the sprig facing could be presented. Since the Iron Cross was issued over several different periods of German history, it was annotated with the year indicating the era in which it was issued. For example, an Iron Cross from the First World War bears the year “1914″, while the same decoration from the Second World War is annotated “1939″. The reverse of the 1870, 1914 and 1939 series of Iron Crosses have the year “1813″ appearing on the lower arm, symbolizing the year the award was created. The 1813 decoration also has the initials “FW” for King Frederick William III, while the next two have a “W” for the respective kaisers, Wilhelm I and Wilhelm II. The final version shows a swastika. It was also possible for a holder of the 1914 Iron Cross to be awarded a second or higher grade of the 1939 Iron Cross. In such cases, a “1939 Clasp” (Spange) would be worn on the original 1914 Iron Cross. A similar award was made in 1914 but was quite rare, since there were few in service who held the 1870 Iron Cross. For the First Class award the Spange appears as an eagle with the date “1939″ that was pinned above the Cross. Although two separate awards, in some cases the holders soldered them together. A cross was the symbol of the Teutonic Knights (a heraldic cross pattée), and the cross design (but not the specific decoration) has been the symbol of Germany’s armed forces (now the Bundeswehr) since 1871. The Iron Cross was founded on 10 March 1813 in Breslau and awarded to soldiers during the Wars of Liberation against Napoleon. It was first awarded to Karl August Ferdinand von Borcke on 21 April 1813. King Wilhelm I of Prussia authorized further awards on 19 July 1870, during the Franco-German War. The Iron Cross was reauthorized by Emperor Wilhelm II on 5 August 1914, at the start of the First World War. During these three periods, the Iron Cross was an award of the Kingdom of Prussia, although given Prussia’s pre-eminent place in the German Empire formed in 1871, it tended to be treated as a generic German decoration. The 1813, 1870, and 1914 Iron Crosses had three grades: Iron Cross 2nd Class German: Eisernes Kreuz 2. Klasse, Iron Cross 1st Class German: Eisernes Kreuz 1. Klasse, Grand Cross of the Iron Cross (German: Großkreuz des Eisernen Kreuzes, often simply Großkreuz). Although the medals of each class were identical, the manner in which each was worn differed. Employing a pin or screw posts on the back of the medal, the Iron Cross First Class was worn on the left side of the recipient’s uniform. The Grand Cross and the Iron Cross Second Class were suspended from different ribbons. The Grand Cross was intended for senior generals of the German Army. An even higher decoration, the Star of the Grand Cross of the Iron Cross, was awarded only twice, to Field Marshal Gebhard von Blücher in 1813 and to Field Marshal Paul von Hindenburg in 1918. A third award was planned for the most successful German general during the Second World War, but was not made after the defeat of Germany in 1945. The Iron Cross 1st Class and the Iron Cross 2nd Class were awarded without regard to rank. One had to already possess the 2nd Class in order to receive the 1st Class (though in some cases both could be awarded simultaneously). The egalitarian nature of this award contrasted with those of most other German states (and indeed many other European monarchies), where military decorations were awarded based on the rank of the recipient. For example, Bavarian officers received various grades of that Kingdom’s Military Merit Order (Militär-Verdienstorden), while enlisted men received various grades of the Military Merit Cross (Militär-Verdienstkreuz). Prussia did have other orders and medals which were awarded on the basis of rank, and even though the Iron Cross was intended to be awarded without regard to rank, officers and NCOs were more likely to receive it than junior enlisted soldiers. In the First World War, approximately four million Iron Crosses of the lower grade (2nd Class) were issued, as well as around 145,000 of the higher grade (1st Class). Exact numbers of awards are not known, since the Prussian archives were destroyed during the Second World War. The multitude of awards reduced the status and reputation of the decoration. Among the holders of the 1914 Iron Cross 2nd Class and 1st Class was Adolf Hitler, who held the rank of Gefreiter. Hitler can be seen wearing the award on his left breast, as was standard, in many photographs. The straight-armed Balkenkreuz, the emblem of the Wehrmacht, first used in a narrower form on Luftstreitkräfte aircraft in mid-April 1918, and as shown here, as it appeared on German planes, tanks, and other vehicles during the Second World War. Adolf Hitler restored the Iron Cross in 1939 as a German decoration (rather than Prussian as in earlier versions), continuing the tradition of issuing it in various grades. Legally it is based on the enactment Reichsgesetzblatt I S. 1573 of 1 September 1939 Verordnung über die Erneuerung des Eisernen Kreuzes (Regulation for the Re-introduction of the Iron Cross). The Iron Cross of the Second World War was divided into three main series of decorations with an intermediate category, the Knight’s Cross, instituted between the lowest, the Iron Cross, and the highest, the Grand Cross. The Knight’s Cross replaced the Prussian Pour le Mérite or “Blue Max”. Hitler did not care for the Pour le Mérite, as it was a Prussian order that could be awarded only to officers. The ribbon of the medal (2nd class and Knight’s Cross) was different from the earlier Iron Crosses in that the color red was used in addition to the traditional black and white (black and white were the colours of Prussia, while black, white, and red were the colors of Germany). Hitler also created the War Merit Cross as a replacement for the non-combatant version of the Iron Cross. It also appeared on certain Nazi flags in the upper left corner. The edges were curved, like most original iron crosses. The standard 1939 Iron Cross was issued in the following two grades: Iron Cross 2nd Class Eisernes Kreuz 2. Klasse, Iron Cross 1st Class Eisernes Kreuz 1. Klasse abbreviated as EKI or E. The Iron Cross was awarded for bravery in battle as well as other military contributions in a battlefield environment. The Iron Cross 2nd Class came with a ribbon and was worn in one of two different methods: when in formal dress, the entire cross was worn mounted alone or as part of a medal bar, for everyday wear, only the ribbon was worn from the second hole in the tunic button. The Iron Cross First Class was a pin-on medal with no ribbon and was worn centered on a uniform breast pocket, either on dress uniforms or everyday outfit. It was a progressive award, with the second class having to be earned before the first class and so on for the higher degrees. It is estimated that some four and a half million Second Class Iron Crosses were awarded in the Second World War, and 300,000 of the First Class. The Eastern Front Medal, (Winterschlacht Im Osten), more commonly known as the Ostmedaille was instituted on May 26, 1942 to mark service on the German Eastern Front (World War II) during the period November 15, 1941 to April 15, 1942. It was commissioned to recognise the hardship endured by German and Axis Powers personnel, combatant or non-combatant, during the especially bitter Russian winter of’41/’42. It was wryly called the “Gefrierfleischorden” (Frozen Meat Medal) by the Heer, Luftwaffe & Waffen-SS personnel to whom it was awarded. Qualification for the award: 14 days served in active combat within the specified area between November 15, 1941 April 15, 1942, 60 days served in specified area between November 15, 1941 April 15, 1942, non-combat, wounded in action, killed in action (posthumous award) or injury caused by frostbite (or another injury related to the climate) severe enough to warrant the issue of a Wound Badge. Unique in that its designer was a contemporary serving soldier, SS-Unterscharführer Ernst Krause, the medal was held in high regard by all branches of the Wehrmacht. Measuring 36mm in diameter, of (generally) zinc construction, the medal was given a gun-metal coloured coating. On one side an eagle grasps a Swastika and the reverse features the text “Winterschlacht Im Osten 1941/42″ featuring a crossed sword and branch below the text. The helmet and outer ring were finished in a polished silver effect. A ribbon that accompanied the medal was coloured red, white and black (symbolic of blood, snow and death). The medal and ribbon were usually presented in a paper packet, but these were invariably discarded. Over 3 million were made by more than 26 confirmed firms by the time the order was officially decommissioned by Oberkommando der Wehrmacht on September 4, 1944. The medal itself was not worn on the combat tunic as per the 1st class Iron Cross & War Merit Cross for example, but worn as a ribbon bar, or as the ribbon alone stitched through the second from top tunic buttonhole as per 2nd Class Iron Cross and War Merit Cross. The item “8174 German mounted medals post WW2 1957 pattern Iron Cross Ostmedaille DEUMER” is in sale since Saturday, January 5, 2019. This item is in the category “Collectables\Militaria\World War II (1939-1945)\Medals/ Ribbons”. The seller is “a..anderson” and is located in Abbots Langley. This item can be shipped worldwide.
  • Type: Medals & Ribbons
  • Era: 1914-1945
  • Conflict: World War II (1939-1945)
  • Country/ Organization: Germany
  • Issued/ Not-Issued: Issued
  • Country/Region of Manufacture: Germany

WW2, Post WW2 Medals, Badges, Ribbons, Good Conduct Medal Named

WW2, Post WW2 Medals, Badges, Ribbons, Good Conduct Medal Named

WW2, Post WW2 Medals, Badges, Ribbons, Good Conduct Medal Named

WW2, Post WW2 Medals, Badges, Ribbons, Good Conduct Medal Named

WW2, Post WW2 Medals, Badges, Ribbons, Good Conduct Medal Named

WW2, Post WW2 Medals, Badges, Ribbons, Good Conduct Medal Named

WW2, Post WW2 Medals, Badges, Ribbons, Good Conduct Medal Named

WW2, Post WW2 Medals, Badges, Ribbons, Good Conduct Medal Named

WW2, Post WW2 Medals, Badges, Ribbons, Good Conduct Medal Named

WW2, Post WW2 Medals, Badges, Ribbons, Good Conduct Medal Named

WW2, Post WW2 Medals, Badges, Ribbons, Good Conduct Medal Named

WW2, Post WW2 Medals, Badges, Ribbons, Good Conduct Medal Named

WW2, Post WW2 Medals, Badges, Ribbons, Good Conduct Medal Named

WW2, Post WW2 Medals, Badges, Ribbons, Good Conduct Medal Named. Sterling Silver 2 CIB, 1 EGA, 1 Rifle Sharpshooter badges. Find on Estate Sale. Please see the pictures andJudge for yourself. Serious buyers only please. Please contact me if you need an additional pictures Thank you for your interest! The item “WW2, Post WW2 Medals, Badges, Ribbons, Good Conduct Medal Named” is in sale since Saturday, November 17, 2018. This item is in the category “Collectibles\Militaria\WW II (1939-45)\Original Period Items\United States\Medals & Ribbons”. The seller is “zuk1973″ and is located in Cranford, New Jersey. This item can be shipped to United States, Canada, United Kingdom, Denmark, Romania, Slovakia, Bulgaria, Czech republic, Finland, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Malta, Estonia, Australia, Greece, Portugal, Cyprus, Slovenia, Japan, China, Sweden, South Korea, Indonesia, Taiwan, Thailand, Belgium, France, Hong Kong, Ireland, Netherlands, Poland, Spain, Italy, Germany, Austria, Bahamas, Israel, Mexico, New Zealand, Philippines, Singapore, Switzerland, Norway, Saudi arabia, Ukraine, United arab emirates, Qatar, Kuwait, Bahrain, Croatia, Malaysia, Chile, Colombia, Costa rica, Panama, Trinidad and tobago, Guatemala, Honduras, Jamaica, Uruguay.
  • Featured Refinements: USMC Medal
  • Country/Region of Manufacture: United States

6914 German Iron Cross First Class medal post WW2 1957 pattern MAGNETIC ST&L

6914 German Iron Cross First Class medal post WW2 1957 pattern MAGNETIC ST&L

6914 German Iron Cross First Class medal post WW2 1957 pattern MAGNETIC ST&L

6914 German Iron Cross First Class medal post WW2 1957 pattern MAGNETIC ST&L

6914 German Iron Cross First Class medal post WW2 1957 pattern MAGNETIC ST&L

6914 German Iron Cross First Class medal post WW2 1957 pattern MAGNETIC ST&L

6914 German Iron Cross First Class medal post WW2 1957 pattern MAGNETIC ST&L

6914 German Iron Cross First Class medal post WW2 1957 pattern MAGNETIC ST&L

Original German Iron Cross First Class post WW2 version without swastika, VERY NICE CONDITION – THREE PIECE CONSTRUCTION, MAGNETIC CORE, GENUINE ST&L (STEINHAUER & LUCK) EARLY EXAMPLE – THE HOOK HAS BEEN REPAIRED. In 1957 the West German government authorised replacement Iron Crosses with an Oak Leaf Cluster in place of the swastika, similar to the Iron Crosses of 1813, 1870, and 1914, which could be worn by World War II Iron Cross recipients. The 1957 law also authorised de-Nazified versions of most other World War IIera decorations (except those specifically associated with Nazi Party organizations, such as SS Long Service medals, or with the expansion of the German Reich, such as the medals for the annexation of Austria, the Sudetenland, and the Memel region). The main government contract to manufacture and supply these new de-nazified WW2 1957 official decorations went to the world famous German firm Steinhauer & Lueck, Luedenscheid Germany. Knights Crosses, Iron Crosses , Wound Badges, Tank Assault Badges etc were re-designed by Steinhauer & Lück – often with the oak-leaf spray replacing the swastika, with S&L having the sole patent rights to all WW2 1957 German decorations. S&L did not have the whole monopoly on medal making, other famous firms such as Deschler & Sohn, BH Maher and Juncker also manufactured these new German decorations. Lüdenscheid is situated between the cities Dortmund and Bonn. It was here that one of the youngest medal firms was founded in 1889 by August Steinhauer and Gustav Adolf Lück. The first production began in a cellar, the customer base continued to increase. A property was bought at 51 Hochstrasse which is still home for this famous company today. During WW2 Steinhauer & Lück produced medals and badges, like the famous Knights Cross and many other types of medals and badges. In 1957 this company was awarded the contract to produce all the newly re-designed legal WW2 1957 de-nazified decorations, plus the contract to manufacture all of Germany’s official decorations including Germany’s highest order the Bundesverdienstkreuz. Only a very limited number of original WW2 1957 medals are still produced, mainly Iron Crosses, German Cross Gold & Silver & Wound Badges and are considered 100% genuine by the German Government. HISTORY OF THE AWARD. Iron Cross (German: Eisernes Kreuz) was a military decoration of the Kingdom of Prussia, and later of Germany, which was established by King Friedrich Wilhelm III of Prussia and first awarded on 10 March 1813 in Breslau. In addition to during the Napoleonic Wars, the Iron Cross was awarded during the Franco-German War, the First World War, and the Second World War. The Iron Cross was normally a military decoration only, though there were instances of it being awarded to civilians for performing military functions. Two examples, the civilian pilot Hanna Reitsch was awarded the Iron Cross First Class for her bravery as a test pilot during the Second World War and Melitta Schenk Gräfin von Stauffenberg (also a German female test pilot) was awarded the Iron Cross Second Class. The Iron Cross was also used as the symbol of the German Army from 1871 to 1915, when it was replaced by a simpler Greek cross. In 1956, the Iron Cross became the symbol of the Bundeswehr, the German armed forces. The traditional design is black and this design is used on armored vehicles and aircraft. A newer design in blue and silver is used as the emblem in other contexts. The Iron Cross is a black four-pointed cross with white trim, with the arms widening towards the ends, similar to a cross pattée. It was designed by the neoclassical architect Karl Friedrich Schinkel and reflects the cross borne by the Teutonic Knights in the 14th century. The ribbon for the 1813, 1870 and 1914 Iron Cross (2nd Class) was black with two thin white bands, the colours of Prussia. The noncombatant version of this award had the same medal, but the black and white colours on the ribbon were reversed. Initially the Iron Cross was worn with the blank side out. This did not change until 1838 when the sprig facing could be presented. Since the Iron Cross was issued over several different periods of German history, it was annotated with the year indicating the era in which it was issued. For example, an Iron Cross from the First World War bears the year “1914″, while the same decoration from the Second World War is annotated “1939″. The reverse of the 1870, 1914 and 1939 series of Iron Crosses have the year “1813″ appearing on the lower arm, symbolizing the year the award was created. The 1813 decoration also has the initials “FW” for King Frederick William III, while the next two have a “W” for the respective kaisers, Wilhelm I and Wilhelm II. The final version shows a swastika. It was also possible for a holder of the 1914 Iron Cross to be awarded a second or higher grade of the 1939 Iron Cross. In such cases, a “1939 Clasp” (Spange) would be worn on the original 1914 Iron Cross. A similar award was made in 1914 but was quite rare, since there were few in service who held the 1870 Iron Cross. For the First Class award the Spange appears as an eagle with the date “1939″ that was pinned above the Cross. Although two separate awards, in some cases the holders soldered them together. A cross was the symbol of the Teutonic Knights (a heraldic cross pattée), and the cross design (but not the specific decoration) has been the symbol of Germany’s armed forces (now the Bundeswehr) since 1871. The Iron Cross was founded on 10 March 1813 in Breslau and awarded to soldiers during the Wars of Liberation against Napoleon. It was first awarded to Karl August Ferdinand von Borcke on 21 April 1813. King Wilhelm I of Prussia authorized further awards on 19 July 1870, during the Franco-German War. The Iron Cross was reauthorized by Emperor Wilhelm II on 5 August 1914, at the start of the First World War. During these three periods, the Iron Cross was an award of the Kingdom of Prussia, although given Prussia’s pre-eminent place in the German Empire formed in 1871, it tended to be treated as a generic German decoration. The 1813, 1870, and 1914 Iron Crosses had three grades: Iron Cross 2nd Class German: Eisernes Kreuz 2. Klasse, Iron Cross 1st Class German: Eisernes Kreuz 1. Klasse, Grand Cross of the Iron Cross (German: Großkreuz des Eisernen Kreuzes, often simply Großkreuz). Although the medals of each class were identical, the manner in which each was worn differed. Employing a pin or screw posts on the back of the medal, the Iron Cross First Class was worn on the left side of the recipient’s uniform. The Grand Cross and the Iron Cross Second Class were suspended from different ribbons. The Grand Cross was intended for senior generals of the German Army. An even higher decoration, the Star of the Grand Cross of the Iron Cross, was awarded only twice, to Field Marshal Gebhard von Blücher in 1813 and to Field Marshal Paul von Hindenburg in 1918. A third award was planned for the most successful German general during the Second World War, but was not made after the defeat of Germany in 1945. The Iron Cross 1st Class and the Iron Cross 2nd Class were awarded without regard to rank. One had to already possess the 2nd Class in order to receive the 1st Class (though in some cases both could be awarded simultaneously). The egalitarian nature of this award contrasted with those of most other German states (and indeed many other European monarchies), where military decorations were awarded based on the rank of the recipient. For example, Bavarian officers received various grades of that Kingdom’s Military Merit Order (Militär-Verdienstorden), while enlisted men received various grades of the Military Merit Cross (Militär-Verdienstkreuz). Prussia did have other orders and medals which were awarded on the basis of rank, and even though the Iron Cross was intended to be awarded without regard to rank, officers and NCOs were more likely to receive it than junior enlisted soldiers. In the First World War, approximately four million Iron Crosses of the lower grade (2nd Class) were issued, as well as around 145,000 of the higher grade (1st Class). Exact numbers of awards are not known, since the Prussian archives were destroyed during the Second World War. The multitude of awards reduced the status and reputation of the decoration. Among the holders of the 1914 Iron Cross 2nd Class and 1st Class was Adolf Hitler, who held the rank of Gefreiter. Hitler can be seen wearing the award on his left breast, as was standard, in many photographs. The straight-armed Balkenkreuz, the emblem of the Wehrmacht, first used in a narrower form on Luftstreitkräfte aircraft in mid-April 1918, and as shown here, as it appeared on German planes, tanks, and other vehicles during the Second World War. Adolf Hitler restored the Iron Cross in 1939 as a German decoration (rather than Prussian as in earlier versions), continuing the tradition of issuing it in various grades. Legally it is based on the enactment Reichsgesetzblatt I S. 1573 of 1 September 1939 Verordnung über die Erneuerung des Eisernen Kreuzes (Regulation for the Re-introduction of the Iron Cross). The Iron Cross of the Second World War was divided into three main series of decorations with an intermediate category, the Knight’s Cross, instituted between the lowest, the Iron Cross, and the highest, the Grand Cross. The Knight’s Cross replaced the Prussian Pour le Mérite or “Blue Max”. Hitler did not care for the Pour le Mérite, as it was a Prussian order that could be awarded only to officers. The ribbon of the medal (2nd class and Knight’s Cross) was different from the earlier Iron Crosses in that the color red was used in addition to the traditional black and white (black and white were the colours of Prussia, while black, white, and red were the colors of Germany). Hitler also created the War Merit Cross as a replacement for the non-combatant version of the Iron Cross. It also appeared on certain Nazi flags in the upper left corner. The edges were curved, like most original iron crosses. The standard 1939 Iron Cross was issued in the following two grades: Iron Cross 2nd Class Eisernes Kreuz 2. Klasse, Iron Cross 1st Class Eisernes Kreuz 1. Klasse abbreviated as EKI or E. The Iron Cross was awarded for bravery in battle as well as other military contributions in a battlefield environment. The Iron Cross 2nd Class came with a ribbon and was worn in one of two different methods: when in formal dress, the entire cross was worn mounted alone or as part of a medal bar, for everyday wear, only the ribbon was worn from the second hole in the tunic button. The Iron Cross First Class was a pin-on medal with no ribbon and was worn centered on a uniform breast pocket, either on dress uniforms or everyday outfit. It was a progressive award, with the second class having to be earned before the first class and so on for the higher degrees. It is estimated that some four and a half million Second Class Iron Crosses were awarded in the Second World War, and 300,000 of the First Class. The item “6914 German Iron Cross First Class medal post WW2 1957 pattern MAGNETIC ST&L” is in sale since Friday, April 20, 2018. This item is in the category “Collectables\Militaria\World War II (1939-1945)\Medals/ Ribbons”. The seller is “a..anderson” and is located in Abbots Langley. This item can be shipped worldwide.
  • Type: Medals & Ribbons
  • Era: 1914-1945
  • Conflict: World War II (1939-1945)
  • Country/ Organization: Germany
  • Issued/ Not-Issued: Issued
  • Country/Region of Manufacture: Germany