Posts tagged iron

7752 German Iron Cross First Class medal post WW2 1957 pattern maker DEUMER

7752 German Iron Cross First Class medal post WW2 1957 pattern maker DEUMER

7752 German Iron Cross First Class medal post WW2 1957 pattern maker DEUMER

7752 German Iron Cross First Class medal post WW2 1957 pattern maker DEUMER

7752 German Iron Cross First Class medal post WW2 1957 pattern maker DEUMER

7752 German Iron Cross First Class medal post WW2 1957 pattern maker DEUMER

7752 German Iron Cross First Class medal post WW2 1957 pattern maker DEUMER

7752 German Iron Cross First Class medal post WW2 1957 pattern maker DEUMER

7752 German Iron Cross First Class medal post WW2 1957 pattern maker DEUMER

Original German Iron Cross First Class post WW2 version with no swastika, NICE WORN CONDITION – THREE PIECE CONSTRUCTION, MAGNETIC CORE, GENUINE DEUMER MADE EXAMPLE, TYPICAL DEUMER HARDWARE / HARD TO FIND – SHOWS SOME RUST. In 1957 the West German government authorised replacement Iron Crosses with an Oak Leaf Cluster in place of the swastika, similar to the Iron Crosses of 1813, 1870, and 1914, which could be worn by World War II Iron Cross recipients. The 1957 law also authorised de-Nazified versions of most other World War IIera decorations (except those specifically associated with Nazi Party organizations, such as SS Long Service medals, or with the expansion of the German Reich, such as the medals for the annexation of Austria, the Sudetenland, and the Memel region). The main government contract to manufacture and supply these new de-nazified WW2 1957 official decorations went to the world famous German firm Steinhauer & Lueck, Luedenscheid Germany. Knights Crosses, Iron Crosses , Wound Badges, Tank Assault Badges etc were re-designed by Steinhauer & Lück – often with the oak-leaf spray replacing the swastika, with S&L having the sole patent rights to all WW2 1957 German decorations. S&L did not have the whole monopoly on medal making, other famous firms such as Deschler & Sohn, BH Maher and Juncker also manufactured these new German decorations. Lüdenscheid is situated between the cities Dortmund and Bonn. It was here that one of the youngest medal firms was founded in 1889 by August Steinhauer and Gustav Adolf Lück. The first production began in a cellar, the customer base continued to increase. A property was bought at 51 Hochstrasse which is still home for this famous company today. During WW2 Steinhauer & Lück produced medals and badges, like the famous Knights Cross and many other types of medals and badges. In 1957 this company was awarded the contract to produce all the newly re-designed legal WW2 1957 de-nazified decorations, plus the contract to manufacture all of Germany’s official decorations including Germany’s highest order the Bundesverdienstkreuz. Only a very limited number of original WW2 1957 medals are still produced, mainly Iron Crosses, German Cross Gold & Silver & Wound Badges and are considered 100% genuine by the German Government. HISTORY OF THE AWARD. Iron Cross (German: Eisernes Kreuz) was a military decoration of the Kingdom of Prussia, and later of Germany, which was established by King Friedrich Wilhelm III of Prussia and first awarded on 10 March 1813 in Breslau. In addition to during the Napoleonic Wars, the Iron Cross was awarded during the Franco-German War, the First World War, and the Second World War. The Iron Cross was normally a military decoration only, though there were instances of it being awarded to civilians for performing military functions. Two examples, the civilian pilot Hanna Reitsch was awarded the Iron Cross First Class for her bravery as a test pilot during the Second World War and Melitta Schenk Gräfin von Stauffenberg (also a German female test pilot) was awarded the Iron Cross Second Class. The Iron Cross was also used as the symbol of the German Army from 1871 to 1915, when it was replaced by a simpler Greek cross. In 1956, the Iron Cross became the symbol of the Bundeswehr, the German armed forces. The traditional design is black and this design is used on armored vehicles and aircraft. A newer design in blue and silver is used as the emblem in other contexts. The Iron Cross is a black four-pointed cross with white trim, with the arms widening towards the ends, similar to a cross pattée. It was designed by the neoclassical architect Karl Friedrich Schinkel and reflects the cross borne by the Teutonic Knights in the 14th century. The ribbon for the 1813, 1870 and 1914 Iron Cross (2nd Class) was black with two thin white bands, the colours of Prussia. The noncombatant version of this award had the same medal, but the black and white colours on the ribbon were reversed. Initially the Iron Cross was worn with the blank side out. This did not change until 1838 when the sprig facing could be presented. Since the Iron Cross was issued over several different periods of German history, it was annotated with the year indicating the era in which it was issued. For example, an Iron Cross from the First World War bears the year “1914″, while the same decoration from the Second World War is annotated “1939″. The reverse of the 1870, 1914 and 1939 series of Iron Crosses have the year “1813″ appearing on the lower arm, symbolizing the year the award was created. The 1813 decoration also has the initials “FW” for King Frederick William III, while the next two have a “W” for the respective kaisers, Wilhelm I and Wilhelm II. The final version shows a swastika. It was also possible for a holder of the 1914 Iron Cross to be awarded a second or higher grade of the 1939 Iron Cross. In such cases, a “1939 Clasp” (Spange) would be worn on the original 1914 Iron Cross. A similar award was made in 1914 but was quite rare, since there were few in service who held the 1870 Iron Cross. For the First Class award the Spange appears as an eagle with the date “1939″ that was pinned above the Cross. Although two separate awards, in some cases the holders soldered them together. A cross was the symbol of the Teutonic Knights (a heraldic cross pattée), and the cross design (but not the specific decoration) has been the symbol of Germany’s armed forces (now the Bundeswehr) since 1871. The Iron Cross was founded on 10 March 1813 in Breslau and awarded to soldiers during the Wars of Liberation against Napoleon. It was first awarded to Karl August Ferdinand von Borcke on 21 April 1813. King Wilhelm I of Prussia authorized further awards on 19 July 1870, during the Franco-German War. The Iron Cross was reauthorized by Emperor Wilhelm II on 5 August 1914, at the start of the First World War. During these three periods, the Iron Cross was an award of the Kingdom of Prussia, although given Prussia’s pre-eminent place in the German Empire formed in 1871, it tended to be treated as a generic German decoration. The 1813, 1870, and 1914 Iron Crosses had three grades: Iron Cross 2nd Class German: Eisernes Kreuz 2. Klasse, Iron Cross 1st Class German: Eisernes Kreuz 1. Klasse, Grand Cross of the Iron Cross (German: Großkreuz des Eisernen Kreuzes, often simply Großkreuz). Although the medals of each class were identical, the manner in which each was worn differed. Employing a pin or screw posts on the back of the medal, the Iron Cross First Class was worn on the left side of the recipient’s uniform. The Grand Cross and the Iron Cross Second Class were suspended from different ribbons. The Grand Cross was intended for senior generals of the German Army. An even higher decoration, the Star of the Grand Cross of the Iron Cross, was awarded only twice, to Field Marshal Gebhard von Blücher in 1813 and to Field Marshal Paul von Hindenburg in 1918. A third award was planned for the most successful German general during the Second World War, but was not made after the defeat of Germany in 1945. The Iron Cross 1st Class and the Iron Cross 2nd Class were awarded without regard to rank. One had to already possess the 2nd Class in order to receive the 1st Class (though in some cases both could be awarded simultaneously). The egalitarian nature of this award contrasted with those of most other German states (and indeed many other European monarchies), where military decorations were awarded based on the rank of the recipient. For example, Bavarian officers received various grades of that Kingdom’s Military Merit Order (Militär-Verdienstorden), while enlisted men received various grades of the Military Merit Cross (Militär-Verdienstkreuz). Prussia did have other orders and medals which were awarded on the basis of rank, and even though the Iron Cross was intended to be awarded without regard to rank, officers and NCOs were more likely to receive it than junior enlisted soldiers. In the First World War, approximately four million Iron Crosses of the lower grade (2nd Class) were issued, as well as around 145,000 of the higher grade (1st Class). Exact numbers of awards are not known, since the Prussian archives were destroyed during the Second World War. The multitude of awards reduced the status and reputation of the decoration. Among the holders of the 1914 Iron Cross 2nd Class and 1st Class was Adolf Hitler, who held the rank of Gefreiter. Hitler can be seen wearing the award on his left breast, as was standard, in many photographs. The straight-armed Balkenkreuz, the emblem of the Wehrmacht, first used in a narrower form on Luftstreitkräfte aircraft in mid-April 1918, and as shown here, as it appeared on German planes, tanks, and other vehicles during the Second World War. Adolf Hitler restored the Iron Cross in 1939 as a German decoration (rather than Prussian as in earlier versions), continuing the tradition of issuing it in various grades. Legally it is based on the enactment Reichsgesetzblatt I S. 1573 of 1 September 1939 Verordnung über die Erneuerung des Eisernen Kreuzes (Regulation for the Re-introduction of the Iron Cross). The Iron Cross of the Second World War was divided into three main series of decorations with an intermediate category, the Knight’s Cross, instituted between the lowest, the Iron Cross, and the highest, the Grand Cross. The Knight’s Cross replaced the Prussian Pour le Mérite or “Blue Max”. Hitler did not care for the Pour le Mérite, as it was a Prussian order that could be awarded only to officers. The ribbon of the medal (2nd class and Knight’s Cross) was different from the earlier Iron Crosses in that the color red was used in addition to the traditional black and white (black and white were the colours of Prussia, while black, white, and red were the colors of Germany). Hitler also created the War Merit Cross as a replacement for the non-combatant version of the Iron Cross. It also appeared on certain Nazi flags in the upper left corner. The edges were curved, like most original iron crosses. The standard 1939 Iron Cross was issued in the following two grades: Iron Cross 2nd Class Eisernes Kreuz 2. Klasse, Iron Cross 1st Class Eisernes Kreuz 1. Klasse abbreviated as EKI or E. The Iron Cross was awarded for bravery in battle as well as other military contributions in a battlefield environment. The Iron Cross 2nd Class came with a ribbon and was worn in one of two different methods: when in formal dress, the entire cross was worn mounted alone or as part of a medal bar, for everyday wear, only the ribbon was worn from the second hole in the tunic button. The Iron Cross First Class was a pin-on medal with no ribbon and was worn centered on a uniform breast pocket, either on dress uniforms or everyday outfit. It was a progressive award, with the second class having to be earned before the first class and so on for the higher degrees. It is estimated that some four and a half million Second Class Iron Crosses were awarded in the Second World War, and 300,000 of the First Class. The item “7752 German Iron Cross First Class medal post WW2 1957 pattern maker DEUMER” is in sale since Sunday, April 8, 2018. This item is in the category “Collectables\Militaria\World War II (1939-1945)\Medals/ Ribbons”. The seller is “a..anderson” and is located in Abbots Langley. This item can be shipped worldwide.
  • Type: Medals & Ribbons
  • Era: 1914-1945
  • Conflict: World War II (1939-1945)
  • Country/ Organization: Germany
  • Issued/ Not-Issued: Issued

WWI WW1 German EK1 Iron Cross And Document, Medal, Original, Imperial, 1914, Badge

WWI WW1 German EK1 Iron Cross And Document, Medal, Original, Imperial, 1914, Badge

WWI WW1 German EK1 Iron Cross And Document, Medal, Original, Imperial, 1914, Badge

WWI WW1 German EK1 Iron Cross And Document, Medal, Original, Imperial, 1914, Badge

WWI WW1 German EK1 Iron Cross And Document, Medal, Original, Imperial, 1914, Badge

WWI WW1 German EK1 Iron Cross And Document, Medal, Original, Imperial, 1914, Badge

WWI WW1 German EK1 Iron Cross And Document, Medal, Original, Imperial, 1914, Badge

WWI WW1 German EK1 Iron Cross And Document, Medal, Original, Imperial, 1914, Badge

WWI WW1 German EK1 Iron Cross And Document, Medal, Original, Imperial, 1914, Badge

WWI WW1 German EK1 Iron Cross And Document. Hi folks, up for sale today is a WW1 German Iron Cross medal and document. I have not really researched this but it is a nice grouping that would look really great framed. This will make a great addition to your home and collection. If you are unable to checkout within the time frame, please contact me to make alternative arrangements. Please contact me before leaving feedback if the product or service is anything less than exceptional and I will work with you to resolve any matters. The item “WWI WW1 German EK1 Iron Cross And Document, Medal, Original, Imperial, 1914, Badge” is in sale since Monday, May 20, 2019. This item is in the category “Collectibles\Militaria\WW I (1914-18)\Original Period Items\Germany\Medals, Pins & Ribbons”. The seller is “bluemountainmilitaria” and is located in Etowah, North Carolina. This item can be shipped to United States, Canada, United Kingdom, Denmark, Romania, Slovakia, Bulgaria, Czech republic, Finland, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Malta, Estonia, Australia, Greece, Portugal, Cyprus, Slovenia, Japan, China, Sweden, South Korea, Indonesia, Taiwan, Thailand, Belgium, France, Hong Kong, Ireland, Netherlands, Poland, Spain, Italy, Germany, Austria, Bahamas, Israel, Mexico, New Zealand, Philippines, Singapore, Switzerland, Norway, Saudi arabia, Ukraine, United arab emirates, Qatar, Kuwait, Bahrain, Croatia, Malaysia, Chile, Colombia, Costa rica, Panama, Trinidad and tobago, Guatemala, El salvador, Honduras, Jamaica, Paraguay, Uruguay.
  • Modified Item: No
  • Country/Region of Manufacture: Germany

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Enamel iron cross pin medal badge WW1 German Gallipoli star WWII Ottoman Empire

Enamel iron cross pin medal badge WW1 German Gallipoli star WWII Ottoman Empire

Enamel iron cross pin medal badge WW1 German Gallipoli star WWII Ottoman Empire

Enamel iron cross pin medal badge WW1 German Gallipoli star WWII Ottoman Empire

Enamel iron cross pin medal badge WW1 German Gallipoli star WWII Ottoman Empire

Enamel iron cross pin medal badge WW1 German Gallipoli star WWII Ottoman Empire

Enamel iron cross pin medal badge WW1 German Gallipoli star WWII Ottoman Empire

Enamel iron cross pin medal badge WW1 German Gallipoli star WWII Ottoman Empire

Enamel iron cross pin medal badge WW1 German Gallipoli star WWII Ottoman Empire

Enamel iron cross pin medal badge WW1 German Gallipoli star WWII Ottoman Empire

Enamel iron cross pin medal badge WW1 German Gallipoli star WWII Ottoman Empire. Here is your chance to own a lovely Gallipoli star with a horizontal pin. Tombak construction and slightly vaulted. Would be perfect for a tunic display. In excellent condition overall. Extremely detailed and guaranteed. I never grade my items as mint, even though may be. If for any reason you require additional photos, please do not hesitate to ask. View My Other Items For Sale. Get Supersized Images & Free Image Hosting. Create your brand with Auctiva’s. Track Page Views With. Auctiva’s FREE Counter. The item “Enamel iron cross pin medal badge WW1 German Gallipoli star WWII Ottoman Empire” is in sale since Tuesday, November 27, 2018. This item is in the category “Collectibles\Militaria\WW I (1914-18)\Original Period Items\Germany\Medals, Pins & Ribbons”. The seller is “william_kramer” and is located in Naperville, Illinois. This item can be shipped to United States.

Medal German Ww1 Iron Cross 2nd Class Cased & Award Certificate Gftr Anton Eiser

Medal German Ww1 Iron Cross 2nd Class Cased & Award Certificate Gftr Anton Eiser

Medal German Ww1 Iron Cross 2nd Class Cased & Award Certificate Gftr Anton Eiser

Medal German Ww1 Iron Cross 2nd Class Cased & Award Certificate Gftr Anton Eiser

Medal German Ww1 Iron Cross 2nd Class Cased & Award Certificate Gftr Anton Eiser

Medal German Ww1 Iron Cross 2nd Class Cased & Award Certificate Gftr Anton Eiser

Medal German Ww1 Iron Cross 2nd Class Cased & Award Certificate Gftr Anton Eiser

Medal German Ww1 Iron Cross 2nd Class Cased & Award Certificate Gftr Anton Eiser

Medal German Ww1 Iron Cross 2nd Class Cased & Award Certificate Gftr Anton Eiser

Medal German Ww1 Iron Cross 2nd Class Cased & Award Certificate Gftr Anton Eiser

Medal German Ww1 Iron Cross 2nd Class Cased & Award Certificate Gftr Anton Eiser

Medal German Ww1 Iron Cross 2nd Class Cased & Award Certificate Gftr Anton Eiser

Medal German Ww1 Iron Cross 2nd Class Cased & Award Certificate Gftr Anton Eiser

An original WW1 German medal – The Iron Cross second class in its award case with award certificate. The case exhibits some age wear & tear however the medal itself is in excellent condition. The award certificate is to Gefreiter Anton Eiser of the 11th Infantry Regiment Von der Tann – a Bavarian regiment. It should be possible to carry out some research. I would be most grateful if you can ensure that you respond to my invoice and complete the deal as speedily as possible to avoid frustration and delay. I give you my personal guarantee that all responses on my part will be quick and courteous. Please visit my other auctions for more bargains. Feel free to contact me with your list. I will help you if I can. Track Page Views With. Auctiva’s FREE Counter. The item “MEDAL GERMAN WW1 IRON CROSS 2ND CLASS CASED & AWARD CERTIFICATE GFTR ANTON EISER” is in sale since Wednesday, May 22, 2019. This item is in the category “Collectables\Militaria\World War I (1914-1918)\Medals/ Ribbons”. The seller is “davidtags” and is located in Ware, Hertfordshire. This item can be shipped worldwide.
  • Country/Region of Manufacture: Germany
  • Country/ Organization: Germany
  • Issued/ Not-Issued: Issued
  • Type: Medals & Ribbons
  • Conflict: World War I (1914-1918)
  • Clothing Type: Insignia
  • Service: All services
  • Era: 1914-1945

Gallipoli War Medal WW1 Ottoman Turkish The Iron Crescent Star Badge Original

Gallipoli War Medal WW1 Ottoman Turkish The Iron Crescent Star Badge Original

Gallipoli War Medal WW1 Ottoman Turkish The Iron Crescent Star Badge Original

Gallipoli War Medal WW1 Ottoman Turkish The Iron Crescent Star Badge Original

Gallipoli War Medal WW1 Ottoman Turkish The Iron Crescent Star Badge Original

Gallipoli War Medal WW1 Ottoman Turkish The Iron Crescent Star Badge Original

Original Gallipoli War Medal WW1 Ottoman Turkey Turkish (The Iron Crescent) Star Badge. The Gallipolli Star is a military decoration awarded by the Ottoman Empire. This decoration was awarded for the duration of World War I to Ottoman and other Central Power troops, primarily in Ottoman areas of engagement. It was known as the Ottoman War Medal, or the Iron Crescent. It was instituted by Sultan Mehmed V on 1 March 1915 for gallantry in battle. Marked BB & Co on the reverse. Measures approx 57mm across from ball finials and has a red enamel infill. The silver coloured metal is tarnished and but the enamel are complete and great condition. Please see photos more details. The item “Gallipoli War Medal WW1 Ottoman Turkish The Iron Crescent Star Badge Original” is in sale since Sunday, May 5, 2019. This item is in the category “Collectables\Militaria\World War I (1914-1918)\Medals/ Ribbons”. The seller is “grand-de-bazaar” and is located in Belfast, Antrim. This item can be shipped worldwide.
  • Modified Item: No
  • Type: Medals & Ribbons
  • Conflict: World War I (1914-1918)
  • Clothing Type: Insignia
  • Era: 1914-1945

7294 German WW1 mounted medal group Iron Cross Anhalt Friedrich Oldenburg FA

7294 German WW1 mounted medal group Iron Cross Anhalt Friedrich Oldenburg FA

7294 German WW1 mounted medal group Iron Cross Anhalt Friedrich Oldenburg FA

7294 German WW1 mounted medal group Iron Cross Anhalt Friedrich Oldenburg FA

7294 German WW1 mounted medal group Iron Cross Anhalt Friedrich Oldenburg FA

7294 German WW1 mounted medal group Iron Cross Anhalt Friedrich Oldenburg FA

7294 German WW1 mounted medal group Iron Cross Anhalt Friedrich Oldenburg FA

7294 German WW1 mounted medal group Iron Cross Anhalt Friedrich Oldenburg FA

7294 German WW1 mounted medal group Iron Cross Anhalt Friedrich Oldenburg FA

7294 German WW1 mounted medal group Iron Cross Anhalt Friedrich Oldenburg FA

7294 German WW1 mounted medal group Iron Cross Anhalt Friedrich Oldenburg FA

7294 German WW1 mounted medal group Iron Cross Anhalt Friedrich Oldenburg FA

7294 German WW1 mounted medal group Iron Cross Anhalt Friedrich Oldenburg FA

Original German mounted medal group. Class, Anhalt Friedrich Cross II. Class (non combatant ribbon) & Oldenburg FA Cross II. Class – WW1, NICE WORN CONDITION, GENUINE RIBBONS, PERFECT PIN DEVICE, the Iron Cross is a three piece construction example with magnetic core – the Anhalt Friedrich Cross II. Class on non combatant ribbon is very rare, only 800 were awarded. Iron Cross (German: Eisernes Kreuz) was a military decoration of the Kingdom of Prussia, and later of Germany, which was established by King Friedrich Wilhelm III of Prussia and first awarded on 10 March 1813 in Breslau. In addition to during the Napoleonic Wars, the Iron Cross was awarded during the Franco-German War, the First World War, and the Second World War. The Iron Cross was normally a military decoration only, though there were instances of it being awarded to civilians for performing military functions. Two examples, the civilian pilot Hanna Reitsch was awarded the Iron Cross First Class for her bravery as a test pilot during the Second World War and Melitta Schenk Gräfin von Stauffenberg (also a German female test pilot) was awarded the Iron Cross Second Class. The Iron Cross was also used as the symbol of the German Army from 1871 to 1915, when it was replaced by a simpler Greek cross. In 1956, the Iron Cross became the symbol of the Bundeswehr, the German armed forces. The traditional design is black and this design is used on armored vehicles and aircraft. A newer design in blue and silver is used as the emblem in other contexts. The Iron Cross is a black four-pointed cross with white trim, with the arms widening towards the ends, similar to a cross pattée. It was designed by the neoclassical architect Karl Friedrich Schinkel and reflects the cross borne by the Teutonic Knights in the 14th century. The ribbon for the 1813, 1870 and 1914 Iron Cross (2nd Class) was black with two thin white bands, the colours of Prussia. The noncombatant version of this award had the same medal, but the black and white colours on the ribbon were reversed. Initially the Iron Cross was worn with the blank side out. This did not change until 1838 when the sprig facing could be presented. Since the Iron Cross was issued over several different periods of German history, it was annotated with the year indicating the era in which it was issued. For example, an Iron Cross from the First World War bears the year “1914″, while the same decoration from the Second World War is annotated “1939″. The reverse of the 1870, 1914 and 1939 series of Iron Crosses have the year “1813″ appearing on the lower arm, symbolizing the year the award was created. The 1813 decoration also has the initials “FW” for King Frederick William III, while the next two have a “W” for the respective kaisers, Wilhelm I and Wilhelm II. The final version shows a swastika. It was also possible for a holder of the 1914 Iron Cross to be awarded a second or higher grade of the 1939 Iron Cross. In such cases, a “1939 Clasp” (Spange) would be worn on the original 1914 Iron Cross. A similar award was made in 1914 but was quite rare, since there were few in service who held the 1870 Iron Cross. For the First Class award the Spange appears as an eagle with the date “1939″ that was pinned above the Cross. Although two separate awards, in some cases the holders soldered them together. A cross was the symbol of the Teutonic Knights (a heraldic cross pattée), and the cross design (but not the specific decoration) has been the symbol of Germany’s armed forces (now the Bundeswehr) since 1871. The Iron Cross was founded on 10 March 1813 in Breslau and awarded to soldiers during the Wars of Liberation against Napoleon. It was first awarded to Karl August Ferdinand von Borcke on 21 April 1813. King Wilhelm I of Prussia authorized further awards on 19 July 1870, during the Franco-German War. The Iron Cross was reauthorized by Emperor Wilhelm II on 5 August 1914, at the start of the First World War. During these three periods, the Iron Cross was an award of the Kingdom of Prussia, although given Prussia’s pre-eminent place in the German Empire formed in 1871, it tended to be treated as a generic German decoration. The 1813, 1870, and 1914 Iron Crosses had three grades: Iron Cross 2nd Class German: Eisernes Kreuz 2. Klasse, Iron Cross 1st Class German: Eisernes Kreuz 1. Klasse, Grand Cross of the Iron Cross (German: Großkreuz des Eisernen Kreuzes, often simply Großkreuz). Although the medals of each class were identical, the manner in which each was worn differed. Employing a pin or screw posts on the back of the medal, the Iron Cross First Class was worn on the left side of the recipient’s uniform. The Grand Cross and the Iron Cross Second Class were suspended from different ribbons. The Grand Cross was intended for senior generals of the German Army. An even higher decoration, the Star of the Grand Cross of the Iron Cross, was awarded only twice, to Field Marshal Gebhard von Blücher in 1813 and to Field Marshal Paul von Hindenburg in 1918. A third award was planned for the most successful German general during the Second World War, but was not made after the defeat of Germany in 1945. The Iron Cross 1st Class and the Iron Cross 2nd Class were awarded without regard to rank. One had to already possess the 2nd Class in order to receive the 1st Class (though in some cases both could be awarded simultaneously). The egalitarian nature of this award contrasted with those of most other German states (and indeed many other European monarchies), where military decorations were awarded based on the rank of the recipient. For example, Bavarian officers received various grades of that Kingdom’s Military Merit Order (Militär-Verdienstorden), while enlisted men received various grades of the Military Merit Cross (Militär-Verdienstkreuz). Prussia did have other orders and medals which were awarded on the basis of rank, and even though the Iron Cross was intended to be awarded without regard to rank, officers and NCOs were more likely to receive it than junior enlisted soldiers. In the First World War, approximately four million Iron Crosses of the lower grade (2nd Class) were issued, as well as around 145,000 of the higher grade (1st Class). Exact numbers of awards are not known, since the Prussian archives were destroyed during the Second World War. The multitude of awards reduced the status and reputation of the decoration. The Cross was created by Duke Friedrich II on 12 December 1914 for officers, military officials, non-commissioned officers and other ranks, as well as other persons, without regard for rank or status, who showed particular excellence in the theatre of war or exemplary conduct on the home front in support of the war (für Offiziere, Militärbeamte, Unteroffiziere und Mannschaften sowie für sonstige Personen ohne Unterscheid des Ranges und Standes, die sich auf dem Kriegsschauplatz besonders ausgezeichnet oder während des Krieges im Heimatsgebiet hervorragend betätigt haben). The Cross was suppressed at the end of 1918. The population of the Duchy of Anhalt was less than 350,000 at the time of World War I and its decorations are amongst those found less often. The cross has a magnetic core and is thus an early issue (later awards were in zinc alloy Kriegsmetall). The Cross was instituted on 24 September 1914 for all ranks and was the Grand Duchys equivalent of the Prussian Iron Cross for bravery in the field. The item “7294 German WW1 mounted medal group Iron Cross Anhalt Friedrich Oldenburg FA” is in sale since Friday, April 20, 2018. This item is in the category “Collectables\Militaria\World War I (1914-1918)\Medals/ Ribbons”. The seller is “a..anderson” and is located in Abbots Langley. This item can be shipped worldwide.
  • Type: Medals & Ribbons
  • Era: 1914-1945
  • Conflict: World War I (1914-1918)
  • Country/ Organization: Germany

1920′s WEIMAR ERA WW1 GERMAN IRON CROSS 1ST CLASS MEDAL FOR COMBAT GALLANTRY

1920's WEIMAR ERA WW1 GERMAN IRON CROSS 1ST CLASS MEDAL FOR COMBAT GALLANTRY

1920's WEIMAR ERA WW1 GERMAN IRON CROSS 1ST CLASS MEDAL FOR COMBAT GALLANTRY

1920's WEIMAR ERA WW1 GERMAN IRON CROSS 1ST CLASS MEDAL FOR COMBAT GALLANTRY

Offered is an original 1920′s made WW1 German Iron Cross 1st Class. 42 mm wide white metal cross pattée with magnetic core, slightly vaulted, with a blackened cross pattée within a polished silver hatched border imposed, showing brass base polished through, the face with a central W (for Wilhelm), a crown above, the date 1914 below; the enamel to face showing some wear from use. The reverse plain, showing pin and hooked to rear, non marked light weight jeweller made piece. This is a classic 1920′s Weimar era made cross for First World War recipients. The Iron Cross was instituted on 10 March 1813 by King Friedrich Wilhelm III of Prussia during the War of Liberation against the Napoleonic French forces. It is awarded for bravery. In spite of its iconic image and fame, it has always been made of modest materials and issued in relatively large numbers. It was designed by the neo-classical architect Karl Friedrich Schinkel and reflects the cross of the Teutonic Knights in the late Middle Ages which was also the emblem of Frederick the Great. Check out my other items. We list militaria and coins weekly. We provide quality mounted medals, badges and historical research. We can mount your miniature or full size medals, ribbon bars or supply replacement ribbons or badges. We can also conduct military research on your behalf and value cherished objects with a current market or insured value. 2/135 Russell St, Morley, WA. We run two specialist military auctions per year. Items are accurately described & photographed. Additional costs for this standard service will be added for this service based on publicly available Australia Post rates. Please note, these items are located and will be posted from Australia. We appreciate fair feedback from you once you receive the item. We aim to give you, the customer our best customer service. The item “1920′s WEIMAR ERA WW1 GERMAN IRON CROSS 1ST CLASS MEDAL FOR COMBAT GALLANTRY” is in sale since Tuesday, May 29, 2018. This item is in the category “Collectables\Militaria\1914 – 1918 (WWI)”. The seller is “jb_military_antiques_14″ and is located in 2/135 Russell St, Morley, Perth, WA. This item can be shipped worldwide.
  • Country: Germany
  • Product Type: Medals
  • Authenticity: Original
  • Era: 1920s

8174 German mounted medals post WW2 1957 pattern Iron Cross Ostmedaille DEUMER

8174 German mounted medals post WW2 1957 pattern Iron Cross Ostmedaille DEUMER

8174 German mounted medals post WW2 1957 pattern Iron Cross Ostmedaille DEUMER

8174 German mounted medals post WW2 1957 pattern Iron Cross Ostmedaille DEUMER

8174 German mounted medals post WW2 1957 pattern Iron Cross Ostmedaille DEUMER

8174 German mounted medals post WW2 1957 pattern Iron Cross Ostmedaille DEUMER

8174 German mounted medals post WW2 1957 pattern Iron Cross Ostmedaille DEUMER

8174 German mounted medals post WW2 1957 pattern Iron Cross Ostmedaille DEUMER

8174 German mounted medals post WW2 1957 pattern Iron Cross Ostmedaille DEUMER

8174 German mounted medals post WW2 1957 pattern Iron Cross Ostmedaille DEUMER

8174 German mounted medals post WW2 1957 pattern Iron Cross Ostmedaille DEUMER

8174 German mounted medals post WW2 1957 pattern Iron Cross Ostmedaille DEUMER

8174 German mounted medals post WW2 1957 pattern Iron Cross Ostmedaille DEUMER

Original German Parade Mounted medal bar post WW2 version – 1957 PATTERN – no swastika: Iron Cross II. Class & Eastern Front Medal, VERY NICE CONDITION – THE IRON CROSS IS A THREE PIECE CONSTRUCTION EXAMPLE WITH MAGNETIC CORE, GENUINE RARE DEUMER MADE GOOD EXAMPLES, PERFECTLY WORKING PIN DEVICE. In 1957 the West German government authorised replacement Iron Crosses with an Oak Leaf Cluster in place of the swastika, similar to the Iron Crosses of 1813, 1870, and 1914, which could be worn by World War II Iron Cross recipients. The 1957 law also authorised de-Nazified versions of most other World War IIera decorations (except those specifically associated with Nazi Party organizations, such as SS Long Service medals, or with the expansion of the German Reich, such as the medals for the annexation of Austria, the Sudetenland, and the Memel region). The main government contract to manufacture and supply these new de-nazified WW2 1957 official decorations went to the world famous German firm Steinhauer & Lueck, Luedenscheid Germany. Knights Crosses, Iron Crosses , Wound Badges, Tank Assault Badges etc were re-designed by Steinhauer & Lück – often with the oak-leaf spray replacing the swastika, with S&L having the sole patent rights to all WW2 1957 German decorations. S&L did not have the whole monopoly on medal making, other famous firms such as Deschler & Sohn, BH Maher and Juncker also manufactured these new German decorations. Lüdenscheid is situated between the cities Dortmund and Bonn. It was here that one of the youngest medal firms was founded in 1889 by August Steinhauer and Gustav Adolf Lück. The first production began in a cellar, the customer base continued to increase. A property was bought at 51 Hochstrasse which is still home for this famous company today. During WW2 Steinhauer & Lück produced medals and badges, like the famous Knights Cross and many other types of medals and badges. In 1957 this company was awarded the contract to produce all the newly re-designed legal WW2 1957 de-nazified decorations, plus the contract to manufacture all of Germany’s official decorations including Germany’s highest order the Bundesverdienstkreuz. Only a very limited number of original WW2 1957 medals are still produced, mainly Iron Crosses, German Cross Gold & Silver & Wound Badges and are considered 100% genuine by the German Government. HISTORY OF THE AWARDS. Iron Cross (German: Eisernes Kreuz) was a military decoration of the Kingdom of Prussia, and later of Germany, which was established by King Friedrich Wilhelm III of Prussia and first awarded on 10 March 1813 in Breslau. In addition to during the Napoleonic Wars, the Iron Cross was awarded during the Franco-German War, the First World War, and the Second World War. The Iron Cross was normally a military decoration only, though there were instances of it being awarded to civilians for performing military functions. Two examples, the civilian pilot Hanna Reitsch was awarded the Iron Cross First Class for her bravery as a test pilot during the Second World War and Melitta Schenk Gräfin von Stauffenberg (also a German female test pilot) was awarded the Iron Cross Second Class. The Iron Cross was also used as the symbol of the German Army from 1871 to 1915, when it was replaced by a simpler Greek cross. In 1956, the Iron Cross became the symbol of the Bundeswehr, the German armed forces. The traditional design is black and this design is used on armored vehicles and aircraft. A newer design in blue and silver is used as the emblem in other contexts. The Iron Cross is a black four-pointed cross with white trim, with the arms widening towards the ends, similar to a cross pattée. It was designed by the neoclassical architect Karl Friedrich Schinkel and reflects the cross borne by the Teutonic Knights in the 14th century. The ribbon for the 1813, 1870 and 1914 Iron Cross (2nd Class) was black with two thin white bands, the colours of Prussia. The noncombatant version of this award had the same medal, but the black and white colours on the ribbon were reversed. Initially the Iron Cross was worn with the blank side out. This did not change until 1838 when the sprig facing could be presented. Since the Iron Cross was issued over several different periods of German history, it was annotated with the year indicating the era in which it was issued. For example, an Iron Cross from the First World War bears the year “1914″, while the same decoration from the Second World War is annotated “1939″. The reverse of the 1870, 1914 and 1939 series of Iron Crosses have the year “1813″ appearing on the lower arm, symbolizing the year the award was created. The 1813 decoration also has the initials “FW” for King Frederick William III, while the next two have a “W” for the respective kaisers, Wilhelm I and Wilhelm II. The final version shows a swastika. It was also possible for a holder of the 1914 Iron Cross to be awarded a second or higher grade of the 1939 Iron Cross. In such cases, a “1939 Clasp” (Spange) would be worn on the original 1914 Iron Cross. A similar award was made in 1914 but was quite rare, since there were few in service who held the 1870 Iron Cross. For the First Class award the Spange appears as an eagle with the date “1939″ that was pinned above the Cross. Although two separate awards, in some cases the holders soldered them together. A cross was the symbol of the Teutonic Knights (a heraldic cross pattée), and the cross design (but not the specific decoration) has been the symbol of Germany’s armed forces (now the Bundeswehr) since 1871. The Iron Cross was founded on 10 March 1813 in Breslau and awarded to soldiers during the Wars of Liberation against Napoleon. It was first awarded to Karl August Ferdinand von Borcke on 21 April 1813. King Wilhelm I of Prussia authorized further awards on 19 July 1870, during the Franco-German War. The Iron Cross was reauthorized by Emperor Wilhelm II on 5 August 1914, at the start of the First World War. During these three periods, the Iron Cross was an award of the Kingdom of Prussia, although given Prussia’s pre-eminent place in the German Empire formed in 1871, it tended to be treated as a generic German decoration. The 1813, 1870, and 1914 Iron Crosses had three grades: Iron Cross 2nd Class German: Eisernes Kreuz 2. Klasse, Iron Cross 1st Class German: Eisernes Kreuz 1. Klasse, Grand Cross of the Iron Cross (German: Großkreuz des Eisernen Kreuzes, often simply Großkreuz). Although the medals of each class were identical, the manner in which each was worn differed. Employing a pin or screw posts on the back of the medal, the Iron Cross First Class was worn on the left side of the recipient’s uniform. The Grand Cross and the Iron Cross Second Class were suspended from different ribbons. The Grand Cross was intended for senior generals of the German Army. An even higher decoration, the Star of the Grand Cross of the Iron Cross, was awarded only twice, to Field Marshal Gebhard von Blücher in 1813 and to Field Marshal Paul von Hindenburg in 1918. A third award was planned for the most successful German general during the Second World War, but was not made after the defeat of Germany in 1945. The Iron Cross 1st Class and the Iron Cross 2nd Class were awarded without regard to rank. One had to already possess the 2nd Class in order to receive the 1st Class (though in some cases both could be awarded simultaneously). The egalitarian nature of this award contrasted with those of most other German states (and indeed many other European monarchies), where military decorations were awarded based on the rank of the recipient. For example, Bavarian officers received various grades of that Kingdom’s Military Merit Order (Militär-Verdienstorden), while enlisted men received various grades of the Military Merit Cross (Militär-Verdienstkreuz). Prussia did have other orders and medals which were awarded on the basis of rank, and even though the Iron Cross was intended to be awarded without regard to rank, officers and NCOs were more likely to receive it than junior enlisted soldiers. In the First World War, approximately four million Iron Crosses of the lower grade (2nd Class) were issued, as well as around 145,000 of the higher grade (1st Class). Exact numbers of awards are not known, since the Prussian archives were destroyed during the Second World War. The multitude of awards reduced the status and reputation of the decoration. Among the holders of the 1914 Iron Cross 2nd Class and 1st Class was Adolf Hitler, who held the rank of Gefreiter. Hitler can be seen wearing the award on his left breast, as was standard, in many photographs. The straight-armed Balkenkreuz, the emblem of the Wehrmacht, first used in a narrower form on Luftstreitkräfte aircraft in mid-April 1918, and as shown here, as it appeared on German planes, tanks, and other vehicles during the Second World War. Adolf Hitler restored the Iron Cross in 1939 as a German decoration (rather than Prussian as in earlier versions), continuing the tradition of issuing it in various grades. Legally it is based on the enactment Reichsgesetzblatt I S. 1573 of 1 September 1939 Verordnung über die Erneuerung des Eisernen Kreuzes (Regulation for the Re-introduction of the Iron Cross). The Iron Cross of the Second World War was divided into three main series of decorations with an intermediate category, the Knight’s Cross, instituted between the lowest, the Iron Cross, and the highest, the Grand Cross. The Knight’s Cross replaced the Prussian Pour le Mérite or “Blue Max”. Hitler did not care for the Pour le Mérite, as it was a Prussian order that could be awarded only to officers. The ribbon of the medal (2nd class and Knight’s Cross) was different from the earlier Iron Crosses in that the color red was used in addition to the traditional black and white (black and white were the colours of Prussia, while black, white, and red were the colors of Germany). Hitler also created the War Merit Cross as a replacement for the non-combatant version of the Iron Cross. It also appeared on certain Nazi flags in the upper left corner. The edges were curved, like most original iron crosses. The standard 1939 Iron Cross was issued in the following two grades: Iron Cross 2nd Class Eisernes Kreuz 2. Klasse, Iron Cross 1st Class Eisernes Kreuz 1. Klasse abbreviated as EKI or E. The Iron Cross was awarded for bravery in battle as well as other military contributions in a battlefield environment. The Iron Cross 2nd Class came with a ribbon and was worn in one of two different methods: when in formal dress, the entire cross was worn mounted alone or as part of a medal bar, for everyday wear, only the ribbon was worn from the second hole in the tunic button. The Iron Cross First Class was a pin-on medal with no ribbon and was worn centered on a uniform breast pocket, either on dress uniforms or everyday outfit. It was a progressive award, with the second class having to be earned before the first class and so on for the higher degrees. It is estimated that some four and a half million Second Class Iron Crosses were awarded in the Second World War, and 300,000 of the First Class. The Eastern Front Medal, (Winterschlacht Im Osten), more commonly known as the Ostmedaille was instituted on May 26, 1942 to mark service on the German Eastern Front (World War II) during the period November 15, 1941 to April 15, 1942. It was commissioned to recognise the hardship endured by German and Axis Powers personnel, combatant or non-combatant, during the especially bitter Russian winter of’41/’42. It was wryly called the “Gefrierfleischorden” (Frozen Meat Medal) by the Heer, Luftwaffe & Waffen-SS personnel to whom it was awarded. Qualification for the award: 14 days served in active combat within the specified area between November 15, 1941 April 15, 1942, 60 days served in specified area between November 15, 1941 April 15, 1942, non-combat, wounded in action, killed in action (posthumous award) or injury caused by frostbite (or another injury related to the climate) severe enough to warrant the issue of a Wound Badge. Unique in that its designer was a contemporary serving soldier, SS-Unterscharführer Ernst Krause, the medal was held in high regard by all branches of the Wehrmacht. Measuring 36mm in diameter, of (generally) zinc construction, the medal was given a gun-metal coloured coating. On one side an eagle grasps a Swastika and the reverse features the text “Winterschlacht Im Osten 1941/42″ featuring a crossed sword and branch below the text. The helmet and outer ring were finished in a polished silver effect. A ribbon that accompanied the medal was coloured red, white and black (symbolic of blood, snow and death). The medal and ribbon were usually presented in a paper packet, but these were invariably discarded. Over 3 million were made by more than 26 confirmed firms by the time the order was officially decommissioned by Oberkommando der Wehrmacht on September 4, 1944. The medal itself was not worn on the combat tunic as per the 1st class Iron Cross & War Merit Cross for example, but worn as a ribbon bar, or as the ribbon alone stitched through the second from top tunic buttonhole as per 2nd Class Iron Cross and War Merit Cross. The item “8174 German mounted medals post WW2 1957 pattern Iron Cross Ostmedaille DEUMER” is in sale since Saturday, January 5, 2019. This item is in the category “Collectables\Militaria\World War II (1939-1945)\Medals/ Ribbons”. The seller is “a..anderson” and is located in Abbots Langley. This item can be shipped worldwide.
  • Type: Medals & Ribbons
  • Era: 1914-1945
  • Conflict: World War II (1939-1945)
  • Country/ Organization: Germany
  • Issued/ Not-Issued: Issued
  • Country/Region of Manufacture: Germany

Original German World War 2 Iron Cross Medal Dated 1939

Original German World War 2 Iron Cross Medal Dated 1939

Original German World War 2 Iron Cross Medal Dated 1939

Original German World War 2 Iron Cross Medal Dated 1939

Original German World War 2 Iron Cross Medal Dated 1939

Original German World War 2 Iron Cross Medal Dated 1939

Original German World War 2 Iron Cross Medal Dated 1939. The item “Original German World War 2 Iron Cross Medal Dated 1939″ is in sale since Wednesday, April 3, 2019. This item is in the category “Collectibles\Militaria\WW II (1939-45)\Original Period Items\Other WWII Original Items”. The seller is “tkfunk” and is located in Melbourne Beach, Florida. This item can be shipped to United States.
  • Type: Medal

Original ww2 german medal 1839-1939 pattern Iron Cross

Original ww2 german medal 1839-1939 pattern Iron Cross

Original ww2 german medal 1839-1939 pattern Iron Cross

Unmarked maker 75 for. The item “Original ww2 german medal 1839-1939 pattern Iron Cross” is in sale since Wednesday, April 3, 2019. This item is in the category “Collectables\Militaria\World War II (1939-1945)\Medals/ Ribbons”. The seller is “handymcnab” and is located in SCUNTHORPE. This item can be shipped to United Kingdom, Antigua and barbuda, Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Australia, United States, Canada, Japan, New Zealand, China, Israel, Hong Kong, Norway, Indonesia, Malaysia, Mexico, Singapore, South Korea, Switzerland, Taiwan, Thailand, Bangladesh, Belize, Bermuda, Bolivia, Barbados, Brunei darussalam, Cayman islands, Dominica, Egypt, Guernsey, Gibraltar, Guadeloupe, Grenada, French guiana, Iceland, Jersey, Jordan, Cambodia, Saint kitts and nevis, Saint lucia, Liechtenstein, Sri lanka, Macao, Monaco, Maldives, Montserrat, Martinique, Nicaragua, Oman, Pakistan, Paraguay, Reunion, Turks and caicos islands, Aruba, Saudi arabia, South africa, United arab emirates, Ukraine, Chile.
  • Country/Region of Manufacture: Germany
  • Country/ Organization: Germany
  • Conflict: World War II (1939-1945)